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В далеком уже 1998 году мы опубликовали первое обширное исследование Александра Серегина и Анны Чудновской в области мышеведения. И вот, вниманию читателей - большая новая статья. Ее авторы - шнобелевские лауреаты 2012 года.

Многое позволяет объединить эти два исследования:

✓ и в первом, и во втором случае - это коллектив авторов, в котором присутствует женщина. Вероятно, боязнь мышей - чисто женская черта характера, и соавторы-мужчины позволяют преодолеть эту боязнь;

✓ и тогда, и сейчас, ученые пользуются большим массивом информации, накопленной в профессиональной среде;

✓ и российские, и японские ученые любят мышей - проводят эксперименты без вреда, а даже с пользой для здоровья подопытных грызунов и явно наслаждаются рабочим процессом.

Именно такие работы и способствуют превращению науки в Науку, о котором мечтал Джеймс Вернон Макконнелл.

Редакция ТЧК оказалась в затруднительном положении. Мы уже неоднократно были первооткрывателями новых областей науки. Вот и сейчас пришло время говорить о создании мышеведения и соответствующего раздела в ТЧК по аналогии с мускэлефологией. Но мы пока не решили, как объединить новый раздел с уже существующим подразделом "IgNobel Winners". Поэтому мы отдаем решение этого вопроса на суд читателей. Мы с удовольствием примем ваши предложения. Пишите нам.

И еще.

Совершенно случайно, без злого умысла, эта страница ТЧК оказалась японской: читайте заметки на полях о новых японских know-how.

УДК 616.12-071.2

Masateru Uchiyama, Xiangyuan Jin, Qi Zhang, Toshihito Hirai, Atsushi Amano, Hisashi Bashuda and Masanori Niimi.




   Heart Transplantation and Tympanic membrane perforation

   Exposure to Music

   Adoptive Transfer Studies

   Cytokine Assays

   Flow Cytometry Analysis of CD4, CD25, and Foxp3 expression


   Survival of Fully Mismatched Cardiac Allografts in Mice Exposed to Opera Music

   Generation of Regulatory Cells in Mice Exposed to Opera Music

   Cell Proliferation and Cytokine Production in Mice Exposed to Opera Music



List of abbreviations



Приглашение к обсуждению прочитанного


Music has an important role in all human cultures and has been found to have direct and indirect effects on physiologic functions and clinical symptoms. Music can improve performance of reasoning tasks, reduce stress, enhance feelings of comfort and relaxation, provide a distraction from pain, and improve the results of clinical therapy. Since World War II, the use of music therapy, which is defined as prescribed exposure to music to aid in preventing or ameliorating physical and psychological problems, has become established internationally in a variety of health care fields. These include psychiatry, drug and alcohol rehabilitation, developmental disability therapy, geriatrics, palliative care, general surgery, and oncology.

Considerable research on music therapy, especially as used in acute care settings, has been performed. For example, among a group of patients recovering from a myocardial infarction, those who received music therapy had anxiety scores that were significantly lower than those of patients given routine care. Ezzone et al. reported that music was an effective adjunct to administration of pharmacologic antiemetic agents for lessening nausea and vomiting. Sahler et al. investigated that music therapy mitigated pain and nausea, the two most common side effects of transplantation, in patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation. More recently, music therapy has been found to help in reducing agitation in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Chuang et al. reported preliminary evidence suggesting that music therapy may promote relaxation and increase parasympathetic nervous system activity in cancer survivors. In the transplantation field, however, the use of music therapy remains controversial, and little is known about mechanisms by which such treatment might modulate alloimmune responses. The current study investigated the effect of sounds on alloimmune responses in a murine model of cardiac allograft transplantation.



Male C57BL/6 (H2b [B6]), CBA (H2k), and BALB/c (H2d) mice that were 8 to 12 weeks of age were purchased from Sankyo Ltd, housed in conventional facilities at the Biomedical Services Unit of Teikyo University, and used in accordance with the guidelines for animal experimentation approved by the Animal Use and Care Committee of the university and the Principles of laboratory animal care.

Heart Transplantation and Tympanic membrane perforation

Heart transplantation was conducted as described previously. Postoperatively, cardiac graft function was assessed daily by palpating the heart for evidence of contraction. Rejection was defined as complete cessation of the heartbeat and confirmed by direct visualization and histologic examination of the graft. Tympanic membrane perforation was conducted by means of tweezers, and the loss of tympanic membrane was confirmed by visual observation.

Exposure to Music

CBA recipients of cardiac allografts were randomly assigned to one of five groups, which:

were either not exposed to music or were exposed to opera;

classical music;

✓ or one of six different sound frequencies from the day of transplantation until 6 days afterward.

Some of the frequencies were obtained by using computer software kindly provided by Tetsuji Katsuda. In addition to above five groups, we prepared two groups of CBA recipients with tympanic membrane perforation exposed to opera from the day of transplantation until 6 days afterward and CBA recipients exposed to opera for 7 days before transplantation.

All experiments were conducted in an environment in which a cycle of 12 h of light and 12 h of darkness and a room temperature of 24°C were maintained and the level of ambient noise was about 40 dB (). The source of the sound in mice exposed to either the sound frequencies or music was about 1 m from the cages housing the animals, and the sound level was about 60 dB. In each of the three music-exposed groups, the musical selection was played repeatedly on a CD player with an amplifier for 24 h/day.

Immunohistochemical Studies of Harvested Grafts

Cardiac grafts transplanted into untreated mice and mice exposed to opera music were removed 14 days after transplantation respectively and studied immunohistochemically with use of double immunostaining. Fresh 4-μm-thick graft cryosections were incubated with anti-Forkhead box P3 polyclonal antibody; incubated with alkaline phosphatase conjugated anti-rabbit Ig for anti-Foxp3; and developed blue with Vector Blue. Cryosections were then incubated with rabbit anti-mouse type IV collagen polyclonal antibody and peroxidase-conjugated anti-rabbit Ig and then developed brown with diaminobenzidine.

Adoptive Transfer Studies

Adoptive transfer studies were conducted to determine whether regulatory cells were generated in mice exposed to opera music. Thus, 10 days after transplantation of B6 hearts into primary CBA recipients exposed to opera music for 7 days after grafting, splenocytes from primary recipients with functioning allografts were adoptively transferred into naive secondary CBA recipients by means of intravenous injection into the penile vein. Immediately afterward, the secondary recipients underwent transplantation of a B6 or BALB/c heart. In some experiments, CD4+ cells were purified from the spleens of primary transplant recipients by positive selection using a magnetically activated cell sorter and CD4 microbeads, and CD4+ cells were adoptively transferred into naïve secondary recipients, which then immediately underwent transplantation of a B6 heart. In other experiments, CD4+CD25+ cells were purified from the spleens of primary recipients exposed to opera by using a MACS and a mouse CD4+CD25+ regulatory T-cell isolation kit. CD4+CD25+ cells were then adoptively transferred into naive secondary recipients, which then immediately underwent transplantation of a B6 heart.

Mixed Leukocyte Cultures

In other mixed lymphocyte culture studies, the responder cells were splenocytes from naive CBA mice or from untreated or opera-exposed CBA mice that had undergone transplantation of a B6 heart 14 days earlier. The stimulator cells were B6 or CBA splenocytes treated with 100 μg/ml mitomycin C for 30 min at 37°C. The responder cells were co-cultured with the stimulator cells in complete medium in a humidified 5% CO2 atmosphere at 37°C in 96-well, flat-bottomed tissue-culture plates for 4 days. Maximum proliferation of naive CBA splenocytes (responder cells) against B6 splenocytes (stimulator cells) treated with MMC occurred on the fourth day of MLCs. Proliferation was assessed by using an ELISA for BrdU incorporation according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Cytokine Assays

ELISAs were also performed to assess levels of interleukin-2, IL-4, IL-10, and interferon-g in the supernatant of the MLCs on day 4. The capture monoclonal antibody, detection mAb, and recombinant standard for IL-10 were from BD Biosciences. The capture and detection mAbs for IL-2, IL-4, and IFN-γ were from Caltag Laboratories. Recombinant standards for IL-2, IL-4, and IFN-g were from PeproTech.

Flow Cytometry Analysis of CD4, CD25, and Foxp3 expression

Splenocytes were obtained from naive CBA mice and from opera-exposed and untreated cardiac allograft transplant recipients 1, 2, and 4 weeks after transplantation. The cells were stained with fluorochrome-conjugated anti-CD4 or anti-CD25 mAb or anti-mouse Foxp3 mAb, as well as their isotype controls. The stained cells were analyzed by using a FACS Canto2 system. The number of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ cells and the percentage of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ in CD4+ cells was determined.

Statistical Analysis

Cardiac allograft survival in two experimental groups was compared by using log rank test. In the cell-proliferation, cytokine, and flow cytometry studies, the difference between two groups was assessed by using unpaired Student t tests. A P-value < 0.05 was considered significant.


Survival of Fully Mismatched Cardiac Allografts in Mice Exposed to Opera Music

CBA recipients of B6 cardiac allografts that were given either no treatment, pre-treatment or were exposed to one of six single sound frequencies rejected their grafts acutely, as did CBA mice with tympanic membrane perforation exposed to opera. In contrast, CBA allograft recipients exposed to opera or classical music from the day of transplantation until 6 days afterward had significantly prolonged survival of their B6 grafts.


Table 1.

Cardiac allograft survival in mice exposed to music or single sound frequency

Group N Individual STs MST
No exposure 5 6, 7, 7, 7, 8 7
Opera 4 7, 8, 8, 11 8
Mozart 5 19, 20, 20, 83, 84 20
Enya 5 7, 10, 11, 11, 19 20
     100 Hz 4 7, 7, 8, 12 7.5
     500 Hz 4 7, 7, 8, 10 8
   1000 Hz 4 7, 8, 10, 10 9
   5000 Hz 4 7, 8, 8, 11 8
10,000 Hz 4 7, 7, 8, 18 7.5
20,000 Hz 4 7, 8, 9, 17 8.5

Fig. 1. Exposure to opera music results in the prolongation of cardiac graft survival.
Cardiac graft survival in CBA recipients of a B6 heart that were exposed to opera music or a single sound frequency from the day of transplantation to 6 days afterward, untreated allograft recipients, or allograft recipients with tympanic membrane perforation exposed to opera from the day of transplantation to 6 days afterward. MST, median survival time. ##P < 0.005 and ###P < 0.001 for difference between two groups.

Mice exposed to New Age music had little prolongation of allograft survival. These results indicate that exposure to opera music may induce more hyporesponsiveness to cardiac allografts than other two music.

Generation of Regulatory Cells in Mice Exposed to Opera Music

We previously found that some anti-inflammatory or immuno-modulatory agents induce hyporesponsiveness to fully allogeneic grafts by means of generation of regulatory cells. In the current study, naive secondary CBA allograft recipients given adoptive transfer of splenocytes, CD4+ cells or CD4+CD25+ cells from opera-exposed primary CBA recipients 10 days after heart transplantation had significantly prolonged survival of B6 hearts. In contrast, naive secondary CBA recipients given adoptive transfer of splenocytes, CD4+ cells, or CD4+CD25+ cells from naive CBA mice rejected B6 hearts acutely. Moreover, when whole splenocytes from opera-exposed primary CBA transplant recipients with functioning B6 allografts were adoptively transferred into naive secondary CBA recipients that then immediately underwent transplantation of a BALB/c heart, the BALB/c allografts were rejected acutely. These data indicate that exposure to opera generated regulatory cells in the primary allograft recipients which may have been donor specific and that one of the regulatory populations consisted of CD4+CD25+ cells.

The immunohistochemical studies showed that cardiac allografts from opera-exposed recipients had more Foxp3+ cells than those from untreated mice. Flow cytometry studies showed that the population of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ cells was increased in the spleens of opera-exposed recipients compared with those of naive CBA mice. These data suggest that the CD4+ regulatory cells contained a population that was CD4+CD25+Foxp3+.

Fig. 2. Evidence of generation of regulatory cells in CBA allograft recipients exposed to opera music. A,B,C.
Cardiac allograft survival after adoptive transfer of whole splenocytes (A), CD4+ cells (B), or CD4+CD25+ cells (C). MST, median survival time.
✓ #P < 0.01,
✓ ##P < 0.005
✓ and ###P < 0.001

for difference between two groups.
D, Forkhead box P3 cells with use of double immunostaining.
In Fig. 2D, the lefthand panels show samples obtained from mice exposed to opera music and the right-hand panels show samples from untreated mice.
E, CD4, CD25, and Foxp3 expression in splenocytes as determined by flow cytometry 1, 2, and 4 weeks after transplantation.
✓ *P > 0.05,
✓ ##P > 0.005
✓ and ###P < 0.001

for difference between two groups. NS, not significant.

Cell Proliferation and Cytokine Production in Mice Exposed to Opera Music

Proliferation of splenocytes from CBA transplant recipients exposed to opera was markedly suppressed compared with that of splenocytes from untreated recipients or naive CBA mice. Levels of IL-4 and IL-10 in splenocytes from CBA mice exposed to opera were significantly higher than those in splenocytes from untreated or naive syngeneic mice. On the other hand, levels of IL-2 and IFN-γ were considerably decreased in opera-exposed recipients compared with untreated recipients.

Fig. 3. Evidence of induction of alloproliferative hyporesponsiveness by opera music. A, Results of cell-proliferation assays in mixed leukocyte cultures. The data shown are mean ± SD values. ###P > 0.001 for difference between two groups. B, C, D, E, MLC studies of cytokines. *P > 0.05 and #P > 0.01 for difference between two groups.

In the current study, one week of exposure to opera and Mozart music apparently induced much more significantly prolonged survival of fully MHC-mismatched cardiac allografts in a murine model compared with New Age music Enya. In contrast, CBA recipients exposed to one of six single sound frequencies or pre-treatment rejected acutely. According to above data, opera music itself may not induce Treg and also music genre may be unrelated to the graft results. However, CBA pre-treated with tympanic membrane perforation rejected acutely, suggesting that auditory brain function may play an important role of Treg induction and graft prolongation.

There are several possible mechanisms by which exposure to opera might have induced increased allograft survival in our model. One is that the exposure resulted in generation of regulatory cells. Acquisition of hyporesponsiveness to an allograft is a dynamic, multistep process involving many mechanisms, including immune regulation, deletion, anergy, and ignorance. Among these, immune regulation, the control of alloimmune responses by regulatory cells, is considered as one of the most important. Active suppression by regulatory cells is involved in the induction and maintenance of self-tolerance and unresponsiveness to allografts. In our adoptive transfer studies, most naive secondary CBA transplant recipients given splenocytes from operaexposed primary CBA recipients with functioning B6 cardiac allografts had significantly prolonged survival of their allografts. Furthermore, adoptive transfer of CD4+ or CD4+CD25+ cells from operaexposed primary transplant recipients resulted in longer or indefinite prolongation of allograft survival in secondary recipients. These data suggest that exposure to opera generated regulatory cells in the primary recipients and that the regulatory population contained CD4+CD25+ cells. In addition, flow cytometry studies showed that the number of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ cells and the percentage of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ cells in CD4+ cells were increased in the primary allograft recipients.

Moreover, our MLC finding of up-regulation of IL-10 production by splenocytes in opera-exposed allograft recipients suggests that IL-10 contributed to the generation of regulatory cells. IL-10 has anti-inflammatory and suppressive effects on most hematopoietic cells, and it plays a crucial role not only in the function of regulatory cells but also in their generation. We previously demonstrated the importance of IL-10 in generating regulatory cells in our murine cardiac transplantation model. Thus, it is probable that in the current study, it was through the up-regulation of IL-10 that exposure to opera resulted in induction of CD4+CD25+ regulatory cells. Also, an anti-inflammatory effect may be induced through regulatory cells. Our histologic studies of allografts obtained from opera-exposed mice showed only inimal leukocyte infiltration. Furthermore, we observed that opera exposure in transplant recipients induced suppression of IL-2 and IFN-γ production and up-regulation of IL-4 and IL-10 in their splenocytes. IL-10 has anti-inflammatory and suppressive effects on most hematopoietic cells and is thus involved in the control of immune responses. In the light of these findings, it appears possible that opera-induced regulatory cells may inhibit immune responses against allografts.

A second possible mechanism for the opera-induced hyporesponsiveness is the effects on brain function produced by the specific harmony and/or other features of the music itself. In our model, exposure to none of six single sound frequencies was associated with prolongation of allograft survival. Moreover, CBA recipients pretreated with tympanic membrane perforation exposed to opera music rejected their graft acutely. Previous studies have indicated that frequency discrimination in humans is correlated with several cognitive skills, including facility with language, working memory, and ability to learn. Moreover, frequency is represented explicitly and predominantly in individual neurons in the human auditory cortex. However, little is known about possible mechanisms by which a single sound frequency might modulate alloimmune responses, and it has not been well determined that whether hearing loss induced by some immunosuppressants such as tacrolimus affects the graft survival. In a previous study, exposure to music significantly enhanced levels of brainderived neurotrophic factor and decreased levels of nerve growth factor in the hypothalamus of mice. These findings suggest that music can influence brain function and development and that auditory stimulation from music, including specific harmony, may affect allograft survival.

A decrease in postoperative stress brought about by exposure to music is a third possible mechanism for the opera-induced hyporesponsiveness observed in our study. Stress has an important role in the development of symptoms and disease. Zhuang et al. found that endogenous stress caused by heterotopic heart transplantation contributed to postoperative cardiac injury and allograft vasculopathy in rats. In experiments in hypertensive rats, exposure to music composed by Mozart significantly decreased heart rate and had no effect on blood pressure, thereby producing a small decrease in cardiac output, whereas music composed by Ligeti significantly increased blood pressure but reduced heart rate. The effects of music could not be attributed to a stress reaction because stress caused by switching cages increased both heart rate and blood pressure in the animals.

A fourth possible mechanism for the opera-induced hyporesponsiveness in our model is that exposure to music increased, rather than decreased, stress. Numerous studies have found that stress can suppress the immune response and thereby be detrimental to health. In a study in mice, Wistar and Hildemann found that chronic avoidance-learning stress depressed the immune reaction responsible for rejection of skin homografts to a moderate but significant degree. In another murine model, Nunez et al. observed that a chronic auditory stressor induced a significant reduction in both natural killer cell activity and in vivo and in vitro generation of cytotoxic T lymphocytes. In a rat model, however, neutrophils and macrophages from animals exposed to noise for a short period secreted significantly less superoxide anion and IL-1 than cells from control rats, but lymphocyte function remained unchanged. In our model, the presence of musicinduced stress was unlikely because the mice exposed to opera did not lose hair or weight and the mean weight of their adrenal glands at sacrifice was not different from that of mice in the no-treatment group.


In summary, in a murine model, exposure to opera music had immuno-modulatory effects that resulted in prolonged survival of fully allogeneic grafts and generation of regulatory cells. Brain function with auditory stimulation may affect aspects of the peripheral immune response such as generation of regulatory CD4+CD25+ cells and upregulation of anti-inflammatory cytokines, resulting in prolonged allograft survival. Subsequent research on whether exposure to music is useful in suppressing the rejection reaction in organ transplantation, as well as on the type of music and the extent of music exposure that are most effective, must include studies in large animals.

List of abbreviations
ALP - alkaline phosphatase;
ELISA - enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay;
Foxp3+ - forkhead box P3;
IFN - interferon;
IL - interleukin;
mAb - monoclonal antibody;
MACS - magnetically activated cell sorter;
MLC - mixed leukocyte culture;
MMC - mitomycin C;
MST - median survival time

The authors thank:

✓ Prof. Kenjiro Matsuno,

✓ Mr. Hisashi Ueta and Ms. Junko Sakumoto, Department of Anatomy, Dokkyo University, Tochigi, Japan,

✓ Prof. Kouji Matsushima and Dr. Satoshi Ueha, Department of Molecular Preventive Medicine and SORST, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan for technical assistance with the immunohistochemistry studies.

We are also grateful to Renee J. Robillard, MA, ELS, for editorial assistance.

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Болезнь Альцгеймера, наиболее распространённая форма деменции, нейродегенеративное заболевание, впервые описанное в 1906 году немецким психиатром Алоисом Альцгеймером.

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Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd., японская фармацевтическая компания, входящая в двадцатку крупнейших в мире по объему продаж.

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Университет Тейкио

Teikyo University is a private university headquartered in the Itabashi ward of Tokyo, Japan.

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Травиата, опера Джузеппе Верди на либретто Франческо Мария Пьяве по мотивам романа «Дама с камелиями» А. Дюма-сына.

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Генерал Декстер. Бесплатное электричество даёт электрический скат

Секретные материалы, не попавшие в прицел СМИ

При содействии великого чёрного дракона мы ответим на главный вопрос сегодняшней статьи: как электричество которое вырабатывает электрический скат можно употребить на пользу людям?

Япония – страна с высокой сейсмической опасностью. В год там происходит до 1500 землетрясений. Небольшие землетрясения не считаются чем-то необычным и происходят каждый день в различных районах страны. Землетрясения магнитудой 4-6 баллов тоже не вызывают особой паники и тоже проходят в качестве рядовых случаев. Но изредка случаются крупные землетрясения которые приносят с собой огромные разрушения и многочисленные жертвы среди населения. Раньше, из-за землетрясений, все дома в Японии строились с большим применением бумаги, чтобы при разрушении можно было быстро их восстановить. Сегодня же такие дома строят лишь как дань традициям, а крупные многоэтажки в городах возводят по проектам учитывающих местную сейсмическую опасность. В случае чего такие дома не сложатся как карточный домик.

Высокая сейсмическая активность Японских островов обусловлена тем, что на всём их протяжении, недалеко находится Идзу-Бонинский глубоководный желоб. По этому, по сути, страна находится в зоне субдукции. Субдукция – это такая зона, в которой океаническая плита пододвигается под континентальную плиту, в результате чего в зоне постоянно накапливается напряжение, которое и снимается землетрясениями различных магнитуд.

Недавнее землетрясение в Японии показало, что любая самая надёжная электростанция, вырабатывающая электричество, может подвергнуться вероятному разрушению. В результате чего небольшая, но экологически чистая территория Японии опять же подвергнется загрязнениям различных видов. Это не должно происходить в будущем, решило правительство Японии. Но как же требующие электричества частный сектор, производственные мощности и деловые районы?

Бесплатное электричество от электрического ската – новое японское ноу-хау

Правительство Японии объявило конкурс на решение сложившейся проблемы. Из всего вороха представленных решений наибольшего внимания заслуживает проект снимающий часть мощностей с электростанций. Основой этого проекта являются электрические скаты способные генерировать электричество напряжением до 220 вольт. В природе такое свойство нужно электрическому скату для охоты, для оглушения или убийства жертвы, или защиты. Электрический скат как батарейка, после каждого разряда нужно время для подзаряда, и в это время он беззащитен. Именно это свойство накопления электричества и решили использовать японские учёные.

Специально генномодифицированные для лучшей выработки электричества электрические скаты содержатся в специальных аквариумах как раз по размеру ската в электролите, воде со специальными примесями для лучшей электропроходимости, и вся его энергия расходуется на выработку электричества, которое снимается через определённые промежутки времени с помощью специальных устройств.

А теперь представьте такую электростанцию, напоминающую изнутри огромный аквариум состоящий из сотен небольших ячеек в которых и содержаться электрические скаты. Такая электростанция если и разрушится, то не нанесёт видимого ущерба, максимум не будет электричества в домах. Ну а восстановить её очень легко, надо просто заранее обзавестись специальной фермой для выращивания подобных электрических скатов. Но главное, это почти бесплатное электричество, ну разве что нужно будет оплачивать корм для скатов и обслуживание оборудования. Но по сравнению со снижением расходов это мизер и государство вполне может взять на себя подобный груз.

Подобные скатовые электростанции помогут обеспечить электричеством весь частный сектор, снять часть нагрузки и перенаправить на более острые нужды. Экономия здесь от того, что перестанут быть нужны высоковольтные линии и трансформаторные станции, предназначенные для перегона электричества от электростанции до конечного потребителя. Так же можно сэкономить на обслуживании всего этого хозяйства.

Одним словом, бесплатное электричество – в каждый дом. Под таким девизом продвигается данный проект. Сейчас строиться экспериментальная электростанция использующая электричество от электрических скатов для обеспечения им отдельного поселения. Если эксперимент пройдёт успешно, то подобные сооружения будут внедряться повсеместно.

Так что, возможно, скоро бесплатное электричество от электрического ската придёт в каждый частный дом Японии. А ведь возможно еще создать такую электростанцию в каждом небоскрёбе. Перспективы открываются довольно широкие.

Вот такой вот интересный проект мы сегодня описали. Ну а вы читайте нас почаще и узнаете ещё более интересные и удивительные факты.

Ну а теперь, после прочтения статьи, снова задайте себе вопрос: а когда, по вашему мнению, в России будет бесплатное электричество, которое вырабатывает электрический скат?

Генерал Декстер. Электронный зад

Секретные материалы, не попавшие в прицел СМИ

Сейчас наступает время демократии и гуманизма, и многие отказываются от воспитания детей с помощью физического воздействия. Во многих странах даже стало обычным делом подача в суд на своих родителей, никто не говорит об избиении ребенка, за это нужно судить, но раньше обычным делом было дать подзатыльник или выпороть хулигана и лоботряса.

Электроника бьет детей

В Японии, где уважение к старшим впитывается с молоком матери, все же встречаются подростки ни в грош ни ставящие умудренных опытом людей. И таких невоспитанных детишек решили воспитывать старыми методами, путем физического внушения, но, как и все сейчас в Японии, с применением высоких технологий.

Детям одевают трусы напичканные электроникой, которые подключаясь к нервным окончаниям на заднице могут передавать болевые ощущения, как-будто от порки ремнем, кроме того, некоторое время поддерживаются ощущения – якобы последствия порки, больно сидеть и двигаться. На самом деле никаких следов после таких экзекуций не остается.

Никакого ручного управления такой системой не предусматривается, все произведенные ребенком нарушения записываются в центральный компьютер системы наказаний и он впоследствии выносит решение о количестве электронных ударов ремнем, в зависимости от тяжести содеянного. Кстати надолго снимать такие электронные трусы нельзя, это тоже контролируется электроникой и если что. тоже наказывается.

Таким образом японцы надеются воспитать достойного члена общества.

Сейчас такая система тестируется и введена только в нескольких небольших городках и разработчики надеются, что она хорошо проявит себя.

А как вы воспитываете своих детей?

Еще интересная информация: На дворе тёплая погода, а вы мечтаете о снеге? Хорошо провести время вместе с семьёй вам помогут горнолыжные курорты, этакое сочетание спорта и отдыха одновременно.

Генерал Декстер. Экскрементальный трубопровод

Секретные материалы, не попавшие в прицел СМИ

Как всегда наши агенты на высоте, и вновь присланная секретная информация только подтверждает это. На этот раз документы пришли из Японии. Эта страна все больше старается расширить свою территорию, постепенно надстраивая свои острова, отвоевывая место под солнцем у океана.

Первая перерабатывающая фекалостанция

Своего строительного материала не хватает, а завозить его довольно дорого даже по меркам Японии. И даже здесь японские ученые проявили себя с лучшей стороны. Они разработали реагент, который при добавлении его в человеческие экскременты, сначала превращает все в однородную массу, а затем при подогреве и дальнейшем высыхании получается материал очень похожий на обычный песок, отлично подходящий под строительство.

В данный момент еще идут испытания и построена лишь одна станция для переработки экскрементов, на ней перерабатываются отходы жизнедеятельности жителей Японии. Однако в дальнейшем производство планируется расширить и продукта переработки может не хватать. Поэтому был заключен предварительный договор о поставке фекалий из Китая, который может экспортировать их в большом объеме, а для уменьшения стоимости транспортировки был разработан проект строительства трубопровода из Китая в Японию, по которому и потечет ценный продукт.

Мы первыми сообщаем вам обо всем этом, а теперь подумайте, что произойдет при аварии на таком трубопроводе?